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Landing Techniques Crosswind Landings.pdf12页

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Flight Operations Briefing Notes

Landing Techniques Crosswind Landings

Flight Operations Briefing Note Landing Techniques Crosswind Landings

I

Introduction
Operations in crosswind conditions require strict adherence to applicable crosswind limitations or maximum recommended crosswind values, operational recommendations and handling techniques, particularly when operating on wet or contaminated runways. This Flight Operations Briefing Note provides an overview and discussion of operational factors involved in planning and conducting the approach and flare under crosswind conditions, particularly on a contaminated runway. The Flight Operations Briefing Note Landing on Wet or Contaminated Runway provides expanded information on operations on wet or contaminated runways.

II

Statistical Data
Adverse wind conditions (i.e., strong crosswinds, tail winds and wind shear) are involved in 33 % of approach-and-landing accidents. Crosswind in association with runway condition is a circumstantial factor in nearly 70 % of runway excursion events. 85 % of crosswind incidents and accidents occur at landing. (Source: Flight Safety Foundation Flight Safety Digest Volume 17 & 18 – November 1998 / February 1999).

III

Runway Condition and Maximum Recommended Crosswind
The maximum demonstrated crosswind and maximum computed crosswind, discussed in Flight Operations Briefing Note Understanding Forecast / ATC / Aircraft Wind Information are applicable only on dry or wet runway.

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